When the first computers, the monster prototypes of today’s computers, began appearing in the 1940s and 1950s, there was a need for specialists who could maintain them. These machines were used for complex ballistic calculations and missions into space. The first personal computers for the general public began to be sold in the 1980s. That was also when colleges opened training programs for developers. The appearance of the Internet and the technological boom of the last 20 years divided the profession into dozens of different directions.
Creating new devices, systems, interfaces, programs and websites, as well as maintaining all these technologies are the tasks of modern developers. They can be roughly divided into two large groups:
- Front-end developers. Their area of responsibility is what the users see and interact with directly. These specialists develop the “face” of an IT-product.
- Backend-developers. They are responsible for the things hidden from the eyes of the average person, and are in charge of the “stuffing”.
H2 Skills required for the IT-specialist
The main thing for a developer is hard skills:
- Knowledge of several programming languages. There are many of them, and they are needed for different things. For starters, figure out a few of the most popular ones, like Java, Python, and Swift. The good news is that once you master one, it won’t be hard to learn the others. It’s similar to learning foreign languages and online assignment help can provide you with all information you need.
- Ability to design IT systems. Learning to think through the creation of products made up of many interconnected elements is important to grow in the profession.
- Code testing skills. You will have to test how individual software modules work, whether they interact correctly, and whether the product meets customer requirements.
- The skill of developing program documentation. There are different kinds of documentation: user manuals, descriptions of the code, algorithms, interfaces and APIs, software reviews.
- Knowledge of Agile and Scrum approaches. These methods have proven to be effective and are now being implemented everywhere. Familiarize yourself with their principles to gain an advantage on the job market.
However, soft skills are also important:
- Communication skills. The ability to communicate and negotiate will come in handy to work effectively in a team. It will also help you better understand the customer during the TOR phase and protect decisions during product approval.
- Ability to work in the face of uncertainty. You need to learn to adapt quickly to changing circumstances, to understand what and how to do to solve non-trivial tasks.
H2 Job advantages and disadvantages
A career in IT is attractive for a number of reasons:
- Global demand. Major international IT corporations are eager to hire good professionals. Their background and nationality do not matter – you just need to know English.
- Mobility. Working remotely is a common practice in IT. Most companies allow their employees to program outside the office.
- An opportunity to make an impact on the world. You can create products that will be used by millions of people. Using your knowledge and skills correctly, you can dramatically change life on the planet.
But the profession has its disadvantages:
- The impact on health. Sitting and working long hours in front of a computer can provoke the development of various diseases and cause vision problems.
- Lack of free time. You must be obsessed with your field of work in order to succeed. Prepare for the fact that personal time will need to be spent on professional development.
H2 Career prospects
Even to take the Junior position, it’s important for a developer to have at least some experience, such as creating their own small programs. You can become a senior developer in a year or two. Such a specialist doesn’t make decisions on the product design, but understands how to implement them independently. After a couple of years of work, he or she will accumulate enough expertise to reach the position of a leading developer, engaged in the design of complex systems.
Next, two tracks are open: expert and managerial. On the first track, you will have to deepen and expand your knowledge and transfer it to less experienced employees; on the second track, you will have to manage the team. Whatever you choose, in another three years you can become a technical director. People in this position usually do not program independently anymore. They manage the IT direction of the company and are responsible for its development and competitiveness.